Our history

Scotland and Europe have seen significant historical and political changes over the past decades both historically and politically. The representation of Scotland to the EU, which began in the 1970s, has gone from strength to strength in this ever changing climate.

The establishment of Scotland Europa in 1992 aimed to ensure Scotland is a proactive European player in Brussels, giving Scottish interests a strong voice in the EU.

In a constantly changing environment, Scotland Europa has grown and adapted, changing the way we work, expanding our networks and relationships, maximising opportunities and most importantly striving to deliver a mutually beneficial relationship between Scotland and the EU. This is an evolution, which has been guided by our membership and Scottish Enterprise. With an enlarged EU and an ever greater number of interest representatives in Brussels, Scotland Europa is committed to strengthen and deepen our ties with other countries, regions and the European Institutions.

It has been no small endeavour to reach this point in our evolution as an organisation, and we invite you to discover more on the establishment, growth and change of Scotland Europa.

The evolution of Scotland Europa

1992-1999 logo 1992-1999
1999-2001 logo 2001-2009 big
2001-2009 logo 1999-2001
2009- Scotland Europa logo website

Year of Innovation, Architecture and Design

2016 has been a politically tumultuous year for Scotland, starting with Scottish Parliament elections that returned Scotland’s third SNP Government. Later, the UK vote to leave the European Union in a referendum on 23 June.

Our annual members’ meeting on 8 September, hosted by new member Highlands and Islands Enterprise (HIE) in Inverness, was the first opportunity since 23 June for a large group of EU stakeholders in Scotland to reflect on the outcome of the referendum, and on how we can continue our EU engagement work together to deliver value for Scotland and our EU partners.

Finally, the Scottish Government published ‘Scotland’s Place in Europe’ in December, which set out its position following the result of the EU Referendum.

2016 is Scotland’s Year of Innovation, Architecture and Design, and as a result our annual summer reception, hosted in partnership with the Scottish Government EU Office and the Highlands and Islands European Partnership, celebrated Scotland’s achievements in innovation, breathtaking architecture and bold design.

Scotland, represented by Scottish Enterprise and Highlands and Islands Enterprise, was selected by the European Commission as one of six model demonstrator regions that the EU will support in developing sustainable chemicals production in Europe. Scotland Europa coordinated the application and the accolade will allow Scotland to access strategic advice and support from the Commission to maximise investments in sustainable chemistry, circular economy and the bioeconomy over the next two years. In addition to the expert advice, the opportunity for cooperation with other model demonstrator regions will help chemical science companies and SE/HIE extend international networks.

The City of Glasgow was also a finalist in the competition to become Europe’s Capital of Innovation.

In light of Scotland’s refreshed Agenda for Cities and the developing EU Urban Agenda, Scotland Europa, in partnership with the Scottish Government, hosted an afternoon policy seminar on the role of cities in Europe’s future as drivers of sustainable economic development, climate action and social inclusion.

Moreover, the European Week of Regions and Cities took place in Brussels between 10 and 13 October, with the theme of Regions and Cities for Sustainable and Inclusive Growth. Scotland Europa hosted an event with the Scottish Cities Alliance entitled "Inter-city approaches to funding and delivering Smart City Ambitions.” We also hosted a debate entitled Renaissance for Remote Rurban Regions through Research – the Case of Less Urban Areas in the North” with Highlands and Islands Enterprise, followed by an evening reception.

We hosted a workshop as part of EU Design Days in collaboration with ERRIN (European Regions Research and Innovation Network) and Zero Waste Scotland, which was a platform for stakeholders in design to come together to address economic, financial, environmental, social, or political issues through design. The workshop hosted by Scotland Europa was organised in partnership with Cornwall and Birmingham West Midlands, focusing on ‘Design for a Circular Economy’.

This year’s St Andrews Lecture was delivered by Dame Mariot Leslie, a former British diplomat whose final role before leaving the diplomatic service was as Permanent Representative to NATO. The title of the lecture was “A world in flux: Scotland in a new global context”, and explored the future for Scotland in a post-Brexit world.

We were delighted to welcome Highlands and Islands Enterprise (HIE) as our newest member. HIE is also a core partner of the Highlands and Islands European Partnership, which this year intensified its European work by recruiting a Policy Officer based in Inverness to coordinate the Partnership’s European work.

This year our team also expanded to welcome Stephanie Abrahams as EU Policy Assistant and Philip Piatkiewicz as Senior EU Policy Executive, both in our Brussels office.


Year of Food and Drink

2015 saw yet more political change for Scotland, with a General Election and the announcement of the UK Government’s plan to hold a referendum on the future of British EU membership. We kicked off the year with our members’ planning meeting, and were delighted that so many members were able to join us in Edinburgh on 18 February.

As part of Scotland’s Year of Food and Drink, we hosted our annual summer reception in partnership with the Scottish Government EU Office and with the East of Scotland European Consortium, one of our most longstanding members. The reception celebrated Scotland’s fantastic larder and exceptional produce, served as the launch for the bid for EU Protected Geographical Indication status of the Forfar Bridie. Guests heard from Jamie Scott, winner of MasterChef: The Professionals 2014.

The 2015 Year of Food and Drink was a precursor for our new way of planning our yearly activities and promoting and positioning Scotland Europa’s members’ work in the context of Scotland’s themed years. Scotland House hosted a number of events, including the European Launch of the Scottish EU Funding Portal, an online resource for Scottish organisations interested in EU funding and for international organisations wishing to work with Scottish organisations. The portal is a partnership project between Scotland Europa, the Scottish Government, East of Scotland European Consortium, West of Scotland European Forum, Highlands and Islands Enterprise and the Highlands and Islands European Partnership.

In our other areas, we coordinated an EU nature working group with our members that have an interest in environmental legislation after the European Commission launched an evaluation of the EU Birds and Habitats Directives. This resulted in a joint consultation response bringing together input from nine members.

During EU Sustainable Energy Week, we hosted a joint Scotland Europa and Scottish Government event in Scotland House which showcased sustainable islands projects across Europe, including the Orkney smart grid project.

The collective Scottish presence at Green Week was the most considerable and noticeable for a number of years …a strong contingent of representation across the wider Scottish community demonstrated our level of commitment to the need to value our natural resources as part of our economic and social wealth and the importance of exchange of best practices across the EU ... Wider Scotland was well represented at EU Green Week 2015, with the Scottish Government EU Office working closely together with Scotland Europa to coordinate and maximise synergies between the Ministerial presence and the Scotland Europa environment-focused membership contingent attending.

Our St Andrews Lecture was delivered by Alex Paterson, the Chief Executive of Highlands and Islands Enterprise, and was entitled “The HIE Road – A 50 year journey in economic and community development” and focussed on the transformation of the Highlands and Islands of Scotland as a region since the foundation of Highlands and Islands Enterprise in 1965.

We were delighted to welcome Scottish Cities Alliance as our newest member.

After long and faithful service, Anne-Marie Buffels left Scotland Europa to return to her native Canada. We were delighted to welcome Sarah Anhorn as our new Senior Administrator.


Year of Homecoming

2014 is heralding a year of change, the European Parliament election results yielded two Labour, two SNP, one Conservative and one UKIP MEPs (SNP: Alyn Smith and Ian Hudghton; Labour: David Martin and Catherine Stihler; Conservative: Ian Duncan and UKIP: David Coburn)

We hosted our annual end of term summer reception marking another year of joint working with our Brussels based partners, networks and colleagues, with a special welcome to the returning and newly elected MEPs.

Scotland Europa co-organised two events as part of EU Sustainable Energy Week in Brussels. The first event ‘Delivering the Wider Benefits of Renewable Energy into Transport for Cities and Communities’, was organised, in association with the Scottish Government, Transport Scotland, and the Scottish Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Association (SHFCA), and explored how European partnerships, collaboration and uptake of EU funding opportunities can assist the transport sector in the wider deployment of renewable technologies. The second event, ‘Creative Finance for the 2030 Climate and Energy Policy’, was organised in cooperation with the Scottish Government, Scottish Enterprise and the Scottish Low Carbon Investment Programme. It brought together policy makers and industry representatives to look at low-carbon financing from different angles. The events were followed by an evening reception.

After more than seven years as part of the Scotland Europa team Luca Polizzi left the organisation. Edward Ricketts joined the team in Brussels as Senior EU Policy Executive, while Alexis Cahill and Ingrid Green joined our team in Scotland.

New Members

  • Digital Health Institute
  • Glasgow School of Art
  • Historic Scotland
  • Offshore Rewnewable Energy Catapult
  • RNIB
  • Zero Waste Scotland

Year of Natural Scotland

Croatia joins as the newest member of the European Union on 1 July.

Scotland House hosted the Year of Natural Scotland Exhibition which featured pictures from the famous National Geographic photographer Jim Richardson in our conference centre. The exhibition is in keeping with the theme across the Scottish tourist sector which celebrates our country’s wealth of natural wonders. In conjunction with this our annual St. Andrews Lecture was delivered by Nigel Pope, executive producer of the 2013 BBC Series ‘Hebrides: Islands on the Edge’. His lecture entitled ‘Taking Wild Scotland to the World’ featured breathtaking imagery from the series while delving into health of the Natural History Production Industry in Scotland, and its knock-on effects and interlinkages with the tourism and creative sectors, and the prospect of the Scottish Production Industry competing with acclaimed existing hubs such as Bristol’s BBC Natural History Unit.

Our Spring Members’ Meeting was hosted in Inverness by the University of the Highlands and Islands, where we discussed the priorities of the Irish Presidency of the EU and discussed with our members the Scotland Europa Forward Work Plan for 2013-2014

On 25 June, as part of the EU Sustainable Energy Week, Scotland Europa, in conjunction with The European Energy Association and the Scottish Government, hosted a high-level policy conference entitled “The risk and rewards from emerging renewable technologies” on the important role of innovative finance for emerging, higher risk technologies using the case of ocean renewable energy.

The conference demonstrated an effective approach which combines leverage of investment together with committed efforts to increase the efficiency and reduce costs of the technology, while boosting the supply chain and creating links with established related sectors. The session provided an overview of current ocean energy best practices and an emerging policy and support framework for development of the sector. The conference format allowed an exchange of know-how between industry, decision makers, researchers and the finance and investment community.

Horizon 2020 Scottish Support Framework – Delivering a collaborative, strategic approach to EU Research and Innovation engagement for Scotland. The Scottish EU Research and Innovation Steering Group jointly developed a Horizon 2020 Scottish Support Framework to enhance Scottish participation and influence in the new EU framework programme for research and innovation – Horizon 2020. Between March and July 2013 over 400 attendees participated in the series of Horizon 2020 Awareness Sessions that took place throughout Scotland. These sessions provided an in-depth look at the structure of Horizon 2020 and considered the broad opportunities we anticipate the Programme offers for Scotland. The first phase of this support framework consisted of a series of awareness raising sessions across Scotland with the aim of increasing understanding and supporting engagement in the opportunities under Horizon 2020.

New members

  • Queen Margaret University
  • Scottish Land and Estates
  • University of St. Andrews

2013 St Andrews Lecture

St. Andrews Lecture | Scotland House, Brussels | Grahame Smith, Scotland Europa Chairman; Sarah English, Head of Brussels Office & Nigel Pope, Executive Producer of the 2013 BBC Series ‘Hebrides: Islands on the Edge’

Papers published

  • Rethinking Skills and Education by Scotland Europa
  • 2030 EU climate and energy framework by Scotland Europa
  • CCS in Scotland and Europe by Scotland Europa, Scottish Enterprise and the Scottish Government

20 Years of Networking Scotland in Europe

On 11 July Scotland Europa held its first event marking its 20th Anniversary. The event was hosted at Scotland House in Brussels, with over 100 people in attendance; giving the Scotland Europa team the opportunity to thank all our Brussels based partners and colleagues for 20 years of networking Scotland in Europe. Our new Chairman Grahame Smith was also in attendance and gave a compelling speech on Scotland Europa’s journey so far.

Some of the attendees were kind enough to give us some congratulatory remarks:

  • “Thank you for building the foundations for Scotland’s EU engagement with the EU” Ian Campbell, Scottish Government EU Office
  • “Let’s work together for the next 20 years” Ana Coelho, ACC1Ó – Government of Catalonia
  • “Congratulations on 20 years! Here’s to networking forever!” Ian Duncan, Scottish Parliament
  • “Hoping, for at least another 20 years of cooperation!” Sven Kastö, Småland Blekinge South Sweden

Our 20th Anniversary Members’ Meeting took place in the Scottish Parliament members’ restaurant on 7 September and was hosted by Christina McKelvie MSP, Convener of the European and External Relations Committee. The meeting had speakers with a wide variety of associations to Scotland Europa. Former Chief Executives including Charlie Woods and Ray Perman reflected on Scotland Europa’s work over the last 20 years, Fabian Zuleeg – the European Policy Centre’s Chief Economist, spoke on Scotland’s place in Europe’s 2020 vision and a panel discussion looked at how Scotland Europa had learned and changed in the past 20 years, and how we’re using this experience now and in years ahead.

As part of our 20th Anniversary activities is the creation of a reflective video which highlights the breadth of our activity and diversity of our Membership Organisations.

The ISLES Project which aimed to facilitate the development of offshore renewables in Scotland and Ireland ranked highest during the Cross-Border final project call. Scotland Europa played a key role in ensuring the engagement of Scottish stakeholders in the implementation of the programme using services and networks to support the development, funding and implementation of a strategic EU project.

Scotland Europa has been supporting Caledonian Maritime Assets Limited (CMAL) with the development of a strategic funding plan supporting their aspirations to lead the way in the development of Hybrid Ferry technology for Europe. Following the success of their Interreg IVA Cross Border project to develop a common design and procurement strategy for small ferries which could be used by each of the three jurisdictions, CMAL has been awarded a further £450,000 from the Highlands and Islands ERDF programme to develop the world’s first two sea going Roll On Roll Off vehicle and passenger diesel electric hybrid ferries. The success of this project relied heavily on strong networking at the European level, facilitated through Scotland Europa. The ERDF project also attracted private support from SSE. Scotland Europa have supported CMAL to promote these projects across the EU, create opportunities to meet potential partners and develop future consortia which will enable further EU funding opportunities to be taken forward.

Ray Perman, who was chairman of Scotland Europa since 2007, stepped down and was replaced by Grahame Smith, General Secretary of the Scottish Trades Union Congress.

Former EU Policy and Events Stagiaires Lynne Ross and Charles Abbott joined the Scotland Europa Brussels office as EU Policy Assistants.

New members

  • NHS 24

2012 20 Anniversary Grahame Sarah and Brian

20th Anniversary Summer Reception | 11 July, Scotland House Brussels | Grahame Smith, Scotland Europa Chairman; Sarah English, Head of Brussels Office & Brian McVey, Scottish Enterprise Director of Strategy

2012 20 Anniversary Reception SP

20th Anniversary Members’ Meeting Reception | 6 September, Scottish Parliament Edinburgh | Christina McKelvie MSP, Convener of the European and External Relations Committee; John Swinney, MSP Cabinet Secretary for Finance, Employment and Sustainable Growth; Lesley Cannon, Scotland Europa Head of Scotland Team; Sarah English, Scotland Europa Head of Office Brussels & Grahame Smith, Scotland Europa Chairman

2012 Members Meeting SP

20th Anniversary Members’ Meeting took place in the Scottish Parliament

Papers published

  • EU Renewable Energy Strategy by Scotland Europa
  • Towards a 7th Environment Action Programme a coordinated Scottish response
  • Euromyths 2012: The reality behind the half-truths by Scotland Europa
  • Developmental Guide and Factsheet for Smart Specialisation by Alison Hunter

Journey through continuity and change

On 11 April Scotland Europa, in partnership with the Scottish Government and the Scottish European Green Energy Centre, hosted a conference as part of the European Commission's EU Sustainable Energy Week. The conference focused on energy efficiency, in light of the Commission's newly released Energy Efficiency Plan 2011. A Scottish Government official presented the work being done by the Scottish Government in the field of energy efficiency. Colleagues from the UK Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), the University of Edinburgh and the Traffic Agency in Oslo also gave presentations. A panel discussion followed the presentations, with contributions from Fiona Hall MEP, the European Investment Bank, SSE and the Climate Group. Jennifer Rankin, Energy Journalist at the European Voice, chaired the conference.

On 25 May, we hosted, in partnership with the Scottish Government, a conference as part of Green Week 2011. The conference focused on resource efficiency, reflecting the European Commission's Resource Efficiency Flagship Initiative. The conference was chaired by David Crawley, a member of the Board of Scottish Natural Heritage. There were contributions from the Scottish Government, the Scottish Environment Protection Agency, the Scottish Wildlife Trust and Scottish Enterprise.

SubRosa published a report entitled, “Cohesion Policy – A springboard to sustainable economic growth” and pointed out that within the debate on the particularities of further policies, there is a danger of losing sight of the broader strategic questions of what the Cohesion Policy is for, and how it can most effectively support regional economic and social development in the many different types of European regions.

The St Andrew’s Day Lecture was given by Professor Louise Richardson, the Principal of St. Andrews University entitled ‘St Andrews into the 600th year: journey through continuity and change’.

This year’s Members’ Meeting, held at Edinburgh City Council’s conference centre, looked at the nature of Scotland’s presence in Europe. Several speakers including Dr Ian Duncan, the former Clerk of the Scottish Parliament European and External Relations Committee, Elspeth MacDonald and Neil Watt of the Scottish Government updated our members on the Scottish Government’s European Engagement Action Plan.

In light of the Europe 2020 growth strategy which was adopted in 2010, our annual EU Insight Familiarisation Visit to Brussels on the 20 – 21 June was entitled "Europe 2020: Towards smart, sustainable and inclusive growth", the programme provided insight into the EU in the context of its overarching economic growth strategy for the coming decade, and looked at the priorities of the new Council of the EU.

On 1 December 2011, Scotland Europa and the Scottish Government hosted a policy seminar “EU Research & Innovation Policy - Unlocking the potential of SMEs”. The event explored the support available for SMEs and how EU and national/regional instruments can be tailored to meet the needs of SMEs and research. Participants discussed the different mechanisms currently available to support collaboration between research and business.

Joanna Crichton joined the Scotland Europa Glasgow office as Senior Administrator.

New members

  • James Hutton Institute
  • Scottish Funding Council
  • Scottish Qualifications Authority
  • Scottish Wildlife Trust
  • University of Aberdeen

Papers published

  • Fifth Report on Economic, Social and Territorial Cohesion by Scotland Europa
  • Scottish position paper on Horizon2020
  • EU corporate governance framework by Scotland Europa

SubRosa on Sustainable Growth

On 26 January, Scotland Europa, in collaboration with the Scottish Government, co-hosted the popular Burns' Reception in Scotland House. Students from the Royal Scottish Academy of Music & Drama provided guests with an interesting and entertaining insight into the work of Robert Burns with a performance which included some of his most memorable work.

As part of Sustainable Energy Week, Scotland Europa in conjunction with the Scottish Government, Scottish European Green Energy Centre and the EU Offshore Energy Association hosted a seminar looking at the challenges involved in developing the Marine Energy sector on 22 March. The Cabinet Secretary for Rural Affairs, Richard Lochhead, opened the event which was attended by the European Investment Bank, the European Commission, the Chair of the Scottish European Green Energy Centre and a number of electricity utilities. A great deal of discussion focussed on the absence of public funding to facilitate the deployment and demonstration of marine technologies on a large scale and the need for an Industrial initiative to develop the sector strategically.

In June, SubRosa published a report on Sustainable Growth and identified key areas in which European Institutions and Governments could make progress in stimulating more sustainable development.

On 7 October, the Scottish folk group Breabach performed at a cultural event. The event was organised by the Celtic Connections Brussels partnership, which includes Scotland Europa, the Scottish Government and the Highlands & Islands European Partnership. This was a first time venture to bring up and coming acts from the Celtic Nations to perform together in Brussels and the evening also featured acts from Galicia, Ireland and Wales. This hugely successful event was held at La Tentation, the Galician Cultural Centre in the heart of Brussels and over 300 guests attended. The event was timed to coincide with the Committee of the Regions Open Days during which representatives of the 213 European regions and cities gathered in Brussels for a week of events.

Chief Executive Donald MacInnes steps down as Chief Executive of Scotland Europa. Lesley Cannon joins Scotland Europa as EU Funding Manager and head of the team in Scotland. Lesley, together with Head of Brussels Office and EU Policy Manager Sarah English, forms the new joint management team of Scotland Europa. Long-standing collaborator Alison Hunter formally joins the team as a Senior Policy Executive in Brussels.

New members

  • Royal Conservatoire of Scotland (formerly RSAMD)
  • East of Scotland European Consortium

Papers published

  • Members' response to Europe 2020 consultation
  • Health and the Environment: A Positive Approach

A decade of Challenges, Innovation and Opportunity

On 28 September, Scotland Europa in conjunction with the Scottish Government and the European Regions Research and Innovation Network (ERRIN) hosted a conference "Water Framework Directive: Clear Solutions". The event aimed to exchange best practice and experience on implementation and consider how to adjust river basin plans to take account of the challenges posed by climate change. Scottish Government Director John Mason gave a keynote presentation on implementation from the perspective of a water-rich country and there were also presentations from the Commission and the Scottish Environment Protection Agency as well as perspectives from Norway, the Netherlands and Scotland.

The 2009 European Parliament election yield two Labour, two SNP, one Conservative and one Liberal Democrat MEPs for Scotland. (Labour: David Martin, Catherine Stihler | SNP: Ian Hudghton, Alyn Smith | Conservative: Struan Stevenson | Liberal Democrat: George Lyon)

We celebrated another Scotland Week in conjunction with the UK Presidency of the EU Council. It began with the annual St Andrew’s Day Lecture, ‘A puzzle from the Past: Why did Scottish Enlightenment happen?’ delivered by guest speaker Professor Tom Devine OBE from the University of Edinburgh, author of the seminal book “the Scottish Nation”. The Rt Hon Alex Salmond MP MSP, First Minister of Scotland unveiled the exhibition entitled ‘As Others See Us’ with entertainment provided by Ruairidh MacMillan, BBC Radio Scotland’s Young Traditional Musician of the Year 2009.

Scotland Europa develops a strategic approach and specific service to support engagement of Scottish companies in FP7. The details of how FP7 would benefit Scottish projects was outlined in our paper: “How participating in EU projects can generate strategic transnational collaborations – The case study of SE Intelligent Mobility for Smart Cities project”, which highlighted the investment potential in Scotland and how it would help to project forward Scotland’s ambitions and targets for the future.

Scotland Europa welcomed several members of our current team, including our Conference Centre Coordinator Muriel Gerbaud and Senior EU Policy Executives Karen Martín Pérez (née Burt) and Rickard Eksten in our Brussels office, as well as Francesca Giannini as Senior EU Funding Executive in our Glasgow office.

New members

  • Caledonian Maritime Assets Limited (CMAL)
  • City of Edinburgh Council
  • Doosan Babcock
  • European Consortium for Innovative Universities (ECIU)
  • Moredun Research Institute
  • SEStran (South East of Scotland Transport Partnership)
  • City Office in Brussels (Resident member)

Papers published

  • The Lisbon Strategy: 'old port in new bottles?’ by Dr Ian Duncan
  • Share today to win tomorrow by Luca Polizzi and Alison Hunter

The Sounds of Scotland

Our St. Andrews Day Lecture was held in association with the European Platform of Women Scientists and was delivered by Professor Anne Glover, then Scotland’s Chief Scientific Adviser, on the subject of Scotland’s Contribution in Science, Technology and Innovation.

In April, SubRosa published a paper on Territorial Cohesion, looking at the concept in detail and studying the economic obstacles and opportunities it presents for Europe’s North Western periphery.

We jointly hosted ‘The Sounds of Scotland’ with the Scottish Government on 28 November. Artists from the Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama provided entertainment to a wide group of Brussels-based Scots, Friends of Scotland and EU stakeholders, with a range of musical and dramatic performances.

Anne-Marie Buffels joined the Brussels Scotland Europa Office as office administrator. Richard Buxbaum, Gail Oakley, Alex Smith and Fiona Watson join the Scotland Europa team in Scotland as EU Funding Executives and Liz Gribben joins as Senior EU Funding Executive, transferring over from the local Scottish Enterprise offices.

New members

  • Glasgow Caledonian University
  • National Union of Students Scotland
  • Registers of Scotland
  • Scottish Power

Sarah English becomes Head of Office

The 27 EU Member States signed the Treaty of Lisbon which rapidly changed the relationship that EU members have with Brussels. Two new EU members also joined: Bulgaria and Romania.

Subrosa published a study into the reforms of the Common Agricultural Policy, and made commendations of its effectiveness whilst highlighting the need to simplify and reform.

In the Scottish Writers’ Series, a seminar on literature as a driver of economic development was held in conjunction with Edinburgh, Amsterdam, Barcelona and Slovenia. In addition to this, the Scottish Writer’s Series hosted a lunchtime presentation with Scottish author Kevin McNeil.

Our 10th Annual St. Andrews Day lecture was delivered by Richard Holloway entitled ‘Where all the ladders start’ Scottish Religion and Art – A Marriage Made in Hell?

Sarah English becomes the Head of the Scotland Europa Brussels office.

Caroline Coleman joined Scotland Europa as the Senior Funding Executive as well as taking up the role as Scottish National Contact point for INTERREG IVA Cross-Border Programme. The NCP works closely with Scotland, Ireland and Northern Ireland in relation to developing pipeline projects, highlighting gaps and opportunities and thereafter recommending actions to increase leverage for Scotland. 

2007 St Andrews Lecture

St Andrew's Lecture - Richard Holloway 

New members

  • Dundee College
  • Energy Saving Trust
  • Hewlett-Packard (joined as resident members)

Papers published

  • Collaborate to succeed: Stimulating and sustaining economic development in the innovation economy
  • The EU lifelong learning agenda: Scotland's opportunities and challenges by Alison Hunter
  • Collaborate to compete: Glasgow: Edinburgh by Veronica Noone


We hosted a book launch at the evening reception for “A Sense of Belonging to Scotland Further Journeys”. In the annual Scottish Writers’ Series, which lasted from 30 November 2005 to 22 March 2006, featured a reading from the acclaimed Scottish poet Don Paterson. He read from his collection of poems, Landing Light, and also from his book of aphorisms, The Book of Shadows. The event also featured Anne Donavan, the famous Scottish author. She read a piece written especially for the British Council’s UK Presidency series of events, ‘Out of Ourselves’. The final event in the series featured A.L. Kennedy, whose novels and short stories have been widely translated.

SubRosa published a report entitled “Clarity and Transparency: Impact of Existing EU Legislation on Business in Member States” which looked at the barriers which SMEs face when trying to engage with the EU, but also looked at the successes that the EU ought to develop in involving growing enterprises.

2006 St Andrews Lecture

St. Andrews Lecture | Scotland House, 30 November | Ray Perman, Scotland Europa chairman & Gavin McCrone

New members

  • Scottish Trades Union Congress
  • University of Glasgow

Papers published

  • Views from Scotland on a European strategy for sustainable, competitive and secure energy by the Scotland Europa team
  • A European vision for the oceans and seas by the Scottish Government and Scotland Europa

UK Presidency of the Council of the EU

At the St. Andrews Day Lecture one of Scotland’s best-selling authors, Alexander McCall Smith delivered a lecture on ‘Talking about Scotland in Fiction’ and began the Scottish Writers’ Series, an ongoing series which celebrates the international reputation and standard of Scottish Literature.

A programme of events during the UK EU Council Presidency entitled ‘Best of Scotland’ showcased Scottish businesses, education, art, science, culture, and food and drink. The Best of Scotland’ series, which showcased Scottish culture and produce, was organised by the 7 Scottish MEPs, the Scottish Executive, the Scottish Parliament and Scotland Europa to mark St. Andrews Day. A series called “Hooked on Scottish films” showed in Brussels to celebrate the event.

Ray Perman becomes chairman of Scotland Europa on 19 May.

New members

  • Scottish and Southern Energy (SSE)
  • Edinburgh Napier University

2005 Members Meeting

Members' Meeting | Edinburgh, 19 May | Donald MacInnes, Chief Executive Scotland Europa; the late Campbell Christie, outgoing Scotland Europa Chairman & Ray Perman, Scotland Europa Chairman

2005 Scotland Week

Best of Scotland series

Papers published

  • The (missing) regional dimension to the Lisbon Process by Drew Scott
  • The rise of metropolitan regions in economic development by Martin Wight
  • People, Places, Prosperity by Scotland Europa and the British Council

Europe expands further

In the EU, the 25 EU Member States sign a Treaty establishing a European Constitution, although it failed to gain the support of both the French and Dutch voters and thus never adopted. Eight countries of central and eastern Europe - the Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Poland, Slovenia, Slovakia, Cyprus and Malta - become EU members.

The 2004 European Parliament election results yield two Labour, two SNP, two Conservative and one Liberal Democrat MEPs for Scotland. (Labour: David Martin, Catherine Stihler | SNP: Ian Hudghton, Alyn Smith | Conservative: Struan Stevenson, John Purvis | Liberal Democrat: Elspeth Attwool)

In Scotland, the new Scottish Parliament building is opened at Holyrood.

At Scotland Europa, Sir David Tweedie, Chair of the International Accounting Standards Board, presented the St. Andrew’s lecture entitled ‘Small but Big: Scotland’s contribution to the development of business and finance in Europe over the last 150 Years’. This was followed by a dinner to celebrate the 150th Anniversary of the Institute of Chartered Accountants Scotland.

The Members Meeting, hosted by the West of Scotland European Consortium, took place at the Glasgow Royal Concert Hall on Friday 18 June. The meeting was entitled ‘Role of the Regions in the EU Growth and Jobs Agenda’.

Scotland Europa also hosted several themed events including:

  • Transforming the Learning Culture: Partnership Working for a Sustainable Scotland, April
  • Meet the Future Member States, April
  • Scotland’s Stake in the New Partnership for Cohesion – Views from Scotland in response to the Third Cohesion Report was hosted in June
  • Response of Stakeholders in Scotland to the UK FP7 consultation Research, Education and Training Group was hosted on 26 September

Subrosa held discussions and published a paper which looked at the Better Regulations Strategy which was designed to improve EU governance and meet the Lisbon Council objectives for the EU to become ‘the most competitive and dynamic knowledge based economy in the world’.

New members

  • University of Strathclyde
  • Institute of Chartered Accountants (ICAS)
  • Queen Margaret University College
  • University of Dundee

2004 St Andrews Lecture panel

St. Andrews Lecture | Scotland House, Brussels | The late Campbell Christie, Scotland Europa Chairman; Sir David Tweedie, Chair of the International Accounting Standards Board & Jim Wallace, Deputy First Minister

2004 St Andrews Sir John Grant UKRep Ambassador

St. Andrews Lecture Reception | UK Ambassador Residence, Brussels | Sir John Grant, UK Ambassador; John Purvis MEP; David Tripp, Scottish Government & Donald MacInnes , Chief Executive of Scotland Europa

2004 St Andrews Lecture

2004 St Andrews Lecture with Donald

Papers published

  • Transforming the learning culture: Partnership working for a sustainable Scotland
  • Scotland's stake in the new partnership for cohesion
  • Response of Scottish stakeholders to FP7 consultation

Doing business in an enlarged Europe

We hosted our members' meeting, ‘Doing Business in an Enlarged Europe’ in Dudhope Castle in Dundee.

On 11 June, the Subrosa initiative, directed by the Scottish Government, Highlands and Islands Enterprise and Scottish Enterprise (through Scotland Europa) published a paper which looked at the recent trends in the Scottish Economy and developments in regional policy, with specific reference to the commercialisation of knowledge to highlight some of the emerging issues. The paper was entitled “Scotland’s Economy and the changing nature of Regional Policy”. Subrosa’s aim is to start open discussion amongst EU decision-makers to ensure that new and innovative voices are heard in strategic discussions on future policy development

Our St. Andrew’s Lecture was hosted by Baroness Helena Kennedy QC, Chair of the British Council. Her lecture was entitled “Cultural Conundrums in the Brave New World”.

Our monthly publication ‘Insight Europe’ was launched in February 2003 (its predecessor was called Report to Members). The Scotland Europa Funding Tracker was also launched in February that year. It focused on a different policy area each month, and contained the most up to date funding news, open funding calls and a section detailing the various funding programmes available.

Karen Fraser joined the Scotland Europa office in Glasgow as Senior EU Funding Executive

2003 FM

Jack McConnell, First Minister of Scotland

New members

  • General Medical Council Scotland
  • Robert Gordon University
  • Scottish Council Development and Industry
  • Scottish Financial Enterprise
  • Scottish Quality Salmon
  • Scottish Whisky Association
  • Shepard and Wedderburn
  • South of Scotland Alliance
  • UHI Millennium Institute
  • Universities of Scotland
  • University of Paisley

Papers published

  • The Role of the Universities in the Europe of Knowledge: response from Scotland Europa to the European Union Consultation
  • Meeting the Environmental Challenges of Sustainable Development in Scotland.
  • A partnership approach
  • The Future of Creativity? How can we best encourage and develop entrepreneurship in the creative industries? (PDF), in partnership with the British Council Brussels. We also hosted a seminar which was held in conjunction with this in Scotland House on 25 November. The report studied the current barriers facing the creative industries, and proposed effective support that could be provided.

10 years of networking Scotland in Europe

This year saw big changes in the European economy, with the Euro becoming the primary currency of 12 Member States.

Scotland Europa celebrated our 10th Anniversary on 25 May 2002. The 10th Anniversary Paper was written by Drew Scott of the Europa Institute at the University of Edinburgh, ‘10 Years of Networking Scotland in Europe’. The meeting to mark the anniversary was followed by a reception hosted by the First Minister Jack McConnell MSP to celebrate the occasion.

That year’s Members Meeting was held in the Merchant’s Hall in Edinburgh, '10 Years of Networking Scotland in Europe', speakers included the Secretary of State for Scotland, Helen Liddell, representatives from Scottish, UK and European Parliaments and Scotland Europa members and residents.

Download the speech by the Secretary of State for Scotland at the Scotland Europa 10th anniversary seminar

In May, Scotland Europa published our first Reference Paper to give our members an understanding of the functions, powers and practices of the EU. It was entitled ‘A Guide to the EU Institutions’. Scotland Europa has continued to prepare these reference documents for each consecutive new make-up of the European Parliament and Commission.

The St Andrews Day Lecture was given by Professor Sir Neil MacCormick MEP; he shared his views on Europe’s Future, ‘Scotland’s Future: Reflections from and on the convention on the Future of Europe’.

The opening of the ‘Natural Elements’ Exhibition at Scotland House was hosted by First Minister Jack McConnell and Gavin Hewitt, the British Ambassador to Belgium.

New members

  • BioIndustry Association-Scotland
  • Edinburgh Convention Bureau
  • Scottish Crop Research Institute (now James Hutton Institute)
  • UK Offshore Operator’s Association
  • Water UK

Papers published

  • Partners in development by Jack McConnell and Angus MacKay
  • 10 Years of Networking Scotland in Europe by Drew Scott

Our future in Europe

We hosted our second Scotland Week, entitled “Our future in Europe” from 9-17 October. We held events that showcased Scotland’s industries and produce including Harris Tweed who hosted a fashion show, a Scottish food and drink reception and seminars which discussed the considerations Scotland must take going into the future, specifically regarding the environment, the sustainability of the rates of fishing and the opportunities available to regions in Europe. Other seminars presented Scotland’s leadership potential in several industries, including biotechnology, tourism and agriculture. We also hosted a ceilidh for our guests to close the event.

Our St Andrews Day Lecture was delivered by The Hon. Judge David A.O Edward CMG, QC, FRSE of the European Court of Justice. He gave a lecture which discussed the question: “To produce Utopian theories of government is especially the part of a Frenchman; to disbelieve in them is especially the part of an Englishman”, (Anthony Trollope) What about the Scots?

Scotland Europa in partnership with the Scottish Executive hosted an event to kick off the debate on Scotland’s future in Europe, with Henry McLeish, then First Minister of Scotland and Commissioner Neil Kinnock, Vice President of the European Commission.

2001 ScotlandWestphalia

Policy event for the launch of the report 'Partners for Development' a collaboration between Scotland and North Rhine-Westphalia at Scotland House

2001 Scotland Week

Scotland Week 9-17 October

New members

  • Electronics Scotland
  • ESEP Ltd
  • Federation of Small Businesses Scotland
  • National Trust for Scotland
  • Royal Society of Edinburgh
  • Scottish & Newcastle
  • University of Stirling
  • NASC West Ireland Liaison Office (resident member)
  • Czech European Centre (resident member)

Papers published

  • Partners for Development: Opportunities for Collaboration between Scotland and North Rhine-Westphalia Report. The paper discussed the mutual aims and opportunities available to both our regions in the EU. The identified outcome was that we might reappraise and debate policy, then research specific issues in greater detail and build a concrete and unified approach to the debate on the future of Europe. This paper only exists in hard copy. Contact information.desk@scotent.co.uk for further information
  • Scotland in the European Union by Amanda Sloat
  • A new institute for the 'New Economy': The Institute for the Knowledge Economy by R.K Nigel

Press articles


Scotland - small country, big picture

The General Secretary of NATO Lord Robertson hosts the St Andrews lecture, “Scotland – Small country … Big picture”. He examined the mark Scots have left on the rest of the world and the impression visitors are left with after a visit to Scotland.
Scottish 'Art for Europe' Exhibition was opened at Scotland House, by the then Scottish Minister for Environment, Sport & Culture, Sam Galbraith on 11 December.

Sarah English joins the Scotland Europa team as a stagiaire.

New members

  • University of Abertay Dundee
  • University of Aberdeen
  • Scottish Food and Drink Association
  • Scottish Development International (moves into Scotland House)
  • Dublin Regional Authority (moves into Scotland House)

Papers published

  • Towards an inclusive knowledge-based economy by Ewan Mearns

Moving to a new Scotland House

The Euro comes into usage as a commercial and financial transaction currency between eleven of the EU Member States.

The 1999 European Parliament elections, which were the first to apply proportional representation, yielded three Labour, two SNP, two Conservative and one Liberal Democrat MEPs for Scotland (Labour: David Martin, Catherine Stihler, and Bill Miller | SNP: Ian Hudghton, Neil MacCormick | Conservative: Struan Stevenson, John Purvis | Liberal Democrat: Elspeth Attwool)

With the devolution of powers, Scotland Europa’s new office was opened together with the newly established Scottish Government EU offices. On 17 July Scotland Europa moves from Square de Meeûs to Rond-Point Schuman 6 to occupy 2018m² divided over the 8th and 9th floor of the building. All the residents moved with Scotland Europa to take up residence in the new Scotland House. We marked this change of address by hosting our first ever Scotland Week. The event showcased Scottish Industries, culture and produce through a series of events and offered a series of receptions to promote Scotland. The First Minister, Donald Dewar, and the UK Foreign Secretary, Robin Cook, hosted a reception to open the week.

Scotland Week took place on 11-15 October entitled ‘Seeing Scotland in a New Light’; Scotland week was a comprehensive presentation of the changing Scotland and its distinctive contribution to Europe. With presentations and discussions ranging from the Renewing Democracy and Devolution, to The Law in Scotland, to Culture, the Arts and Tourism; Scotland Week took the message of Scotland to the European audience.

The highlights of the 1999 events included Jeremy Peat, Chief Economist of the Royal Bank of Scotland and his analysis of the 1999 UK Budget and Will Hutton with the Wise Group on the ‘Changing State we-are in’.


1999 scotland week

These Charles Rennie Mackintosh chairs were designed by students at Anniesland College, Glasgow. They were donated to Scotland Europa to commemorate the opening of Scotland House.

1999 jack donald and robin

Jack McConnell, Cabinet Secretary for Finance; Donald Dewar, First Minister; Robin Cook, UK Foreign Secretary

1999 Donald Dewar

The late Donald Dewar, First Minister of Scotland at the opening of Scotland House, 11 October 1999

New residents joined

  • Scottish Executive
  • Clydeport
  • CSCG
  • Dublin Regional Authority
  • East of Scotland European Consortium
  • Edinburgh Napier University
  • General Accident
  • Polis network
  • Region Storström, Denmark
  • Robert Gordon University
  • Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors
  • Scottish Centre for Enabling Technologies
  • Scottish Chambers of commerce
  • Scottish Council for Voluntary Organisations
  • Scottish Financial Enterprise
  • Scottish Hydro
  • Scottish Tourist Board
  • Scotvec
  • Telford College
  • UK Electricity Company
  • University of Edinburgh
  • University of Glasgow
  • University of Paisley

Papers published

  • Regional participation in EU affairs: Lessons for Scotland from Austria, Germany & Spain by Aileen J McLeod
  • The European Employment Strategy: Implications for Scotland by Kirsty MacDonald
  • The Scottish experience of preparing and implementing Structural Fund Programmes by Adrian Colwell and Gordon McLaren

New Scotland in a new Europe

The Scotland Act was introduced in 1998, following the referendum. It created the Scottish Parliament. With the new political era in Scotland, Scotland Europa saw a change in leadership, with Campbell Christie becoming Chairman.

And with the coming of the Euro as a market currency, Scotland Europa published a paper entitled 'The Euro - How can Scotland face up to the Challenge?’ by Irene Oldfather (then Councillor of North Ayrshire Council). The paper discussed the potential problems and opportunities that would face Scotland with the coming of the Euro and discussed our options regarding interacting with, or even becoming members of, the new currency.

Press articles


Change in Scotland and the EU

This was a year that saw great changes both at home and abroad. At home, the Devolution Bill proposed the devolution of powers from Westminster to a Scottish Parliament at Holyrood; and at the EU level the Treaty of Amsterdam sought to reform and enhance the powers of EU institutions and to focus these powers on the employment and the rights of European Citizens.

With the expansion of the residency at Scotland House so the building itself was enlarged, with an additional 300m² rented. The members that joined us were: Braveheart Management, British Energy, Bradley Dunbar Associates, Telford College, Eurodesk, Mid Sweden European Office, East Finland EU Office and European Biomass Industries Association.

Our new conference centre was officially opened on the second St. Andrew’s day lecture by the late Donald Dewar on the ground floor of the Square de Meeûs building, where he said in his speech that devolution would bring us closer to Europe and tie our interests closer still to the work of Scotland Europa:

“It is the Government's intention that Scottish Ministers will be involved as closely as possible in UK decision-making on Europe. With the strong voice of a large Member State, we can influence the debate and direction of the EU.”


“Indeed I believe the experience of our European neighbours shows that countries which have decentralised systems of Government can be economically successful, influential on the foreign stage, and a constructive member of the European Union.”

Download the speech of Donald Dewar - Scotland can help shape a new Europe

Donald MacInnes, the former Chief Executive of Scottish Enterprise in Dumbartonshire, becomes the new Chief Executive of Scotland Europa.

New members

  • Scottish Environment Protection Agency

Papers published

  • Meeting the Challenge of Sustainable Development in Scotland - A Partnership Approach, published by Scotland Europa’s Environment Group, co-ordinated by John Edward, Policy Executive. The paper discussed Scotland’s growth in relation to its environment, highlighting Scotland’s natural resources and strong record of being environmentally friendly whilst at the same time facing challenges as it strived to improve standards across all its sectors.

Press articles


The first St Andrew’s lecture

We hosted our first St. Andrew’s lecture, with the former head of the Industry and Environment Departments of the Scotland Office, Gavin McCrone speaking on the theme of ‘Scotland, a European Perspective’. In the lecture, he described the progression seen in Scotland from a nation economically dependent on heavy industry to a modern, dynamic economy, and emphasised the importance of Scotland’s position in Europe and the nature of our constitutional relationship with the rest of the UK.

The St Andrews’ lecture has since become an annual event, to mark the celebration of Scotland’s patron saint with a speech from a prominent Scot. It is an opportunity for us to invite colleagues and partners in Brussels to Scotland House, to reflect on Scotland's place in the EU and the world, through the thoughts of a guest lecturer.

Papers published

  • The IGC: A challenge for Europe by Fraser Cameron
  • Glasgow works: Helping the long-term unemployed get back to work by Ken Wardrop
  • Energy and the Environment: A review of policy developments within the EU and its Member States by Alex Brennan and Ben Duncan
  • European challenges: Scotland by Gavin McCrone
  • Public service obligations in a competitive electricity market by Ben Duncan
  • The impact of the Strathclyde Integrated Development Operation 1988-1992 by John McCreadie and Laurie Russell

Press articles


The first Scotland Europa Paper

Austria, Finland and Sweden joined the EU, and the Schengen Agreement gave full freedom of travel between seven EU Member States: Belgium, Germany, Spain, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Portugal.

With this, Charlie Woods publishes the first issue in our series of Scotland Europa Papers, entitled “Europe’s Regions: Engines or Millstones?” This paper picked up on the topical discussion on the role of the ‘regions’ in European policymaking, and looked to highlight the contributions that regions such as Scotland could make in developing the economy and also promote an understanding of EU issues in relation to Scotland.

Rosemary McKenna, the former President of COSLA, a member of the Scottish Enterprise Board, a Labour Member of Cumbernauld and Kilsyth District Council and a member of the EU's Committee of the Regions, becomes Chair of Scotland Europa. When taking up her post, she was quoted in The Scotsman on 16 June 1995 saying: "I have always felt that Scotland has a lot to gain from being a part of the EU, as well as having a lot to contribute to its future development. I look forward to working with the team to help our members make the most of the EU."

Papers published

  • The Strathclyde European Partnership by Laurie Russell, Director, Strathclyde European Partnership
  • Regional policy from a Nordic perspective by Mårten Johansson, Project Manager, Nordic Group for Regional Analysis (NOGRAN)

European Parliament elections

The 1994 European Parliament election results yielded six Labour and two SNP MEPs for Scotland. (Labour: William Miller, David Martin, Alex Falconer, Alex Smith, Kenneth Collins, Hugh McMahon | SNP: Winnie Ewing and Ian Hudghton)
Charlie Woods of the Strategy Group at Scottish Enterprise took over from Grant Baird as Chief Executive of Scotland Europa on 19 September.

Charlie Woods

Charlie Woods 

Press articles


Single European Market

The Single European Market was launched on 1 January 1993.
This year also saw our membership expanded to 25 organisations, from a variety of sectors including:

  • Further and higher education sectors (Colleges, Universities and Scotvec – the forerunner to the Scottish Qualifications Authority)
  • Scottish Chambers of Commerce
  • Scottish Financial Enterprise
  • Scottish Tourist Board (now VisitScotland)

Scotland Europa is founded

In the year that Scotland Europa was founded, Europe was undergoing fundamental changes to its structure and constitution. With the Maastricht Treaty, Europe’s economic, political and social fabric fundamentally evolved making the EU a much more tangible political entity.

The new 'Scotland Europa Centre' was officially opened on 25 May by the Secretary of State for Scotland Ian Lang at Square de Meeûs 35.

Grant Baird took up post in Brussels as the Chief Executive of Scotland Europa. The first Chair of Scotland Europa was Scottish Enterprise Chief Executive Crawford Beveridge. He took a lead role in the set up and early running of Scotland Europa and Scotland's representation to the EU.

Whilst continuing to represent the economic development agency, the new company was founded as a membership organisation, to ensure a broad representation of Scottish interests to the EU. The founding Scotland Europa members were:

  • Convention of Scottish Local Authorities (COSLA)
  • East of Scotland European Consortium
  • Euro Info Centre
  • Highlands & Islands European Partnership
  • Scottish Community Education Council
  • Scottish Council for Development & Industry
  • Scottish Further Education Unit (former name of Scotland’s Colleges)
  • Scottish Natural Heritage
  • Scottish Power
  • Scottish Trades Union Congress
  • Strathclyde Regional European Partnership

1992 Square de meeus team

The team outside the first Scotland Europa office, Square de Meeûs


Scottish Enterprise is born

Scottish Enterprise is born! The new integrated body starts operations on 1 April 1991, under the Enterprise and New Towns (Scotland) Act 1990, bringing together the former Scottish Development Agency [SDA] and the Scottish Training Agency.
The Brussels office takes on the wider remit on the new integrated Economic Development Agency and Scottish Enterprise will take on responsibility for the evolution of the new Scottish presence in Brussels, Scotland Europa. The investment focused functions of LiS Europe transfer back to the Glasgow LiS operation. Sarah Thomson takes responsibility for LiS cover in Europe.


The office moves

We moved from Chaussée de Charleroi/Charleroise Steenweg to larger premises on rue Capitaine Crespel/Kapitein Crespelstraat. These offices were chosen with a view that Scottish firms could also establish offices in Brussels, using the premises.
Following two reviews, the case for a distinctive Scottish presence in Brussels was made, and provided the essential data and information necessary to develop Scotland's new presence in Brussels, focused on European Economic Community opportunities, namely SCOTLAND EUROPA LTD.
In December, draft prospectus and a business plan for Scotland Europa was published: “The Company will purchase or lease an appropriate office in Brussels, preferably in the relevant EEC Quarter of the City, of a size that can efficiently accommodate the initial and subsequent growth of the company.” This prospectus also gives information on the financing of the company such as initial capitalisation, expenditure and revenue forecasts etc.


Feasibility study on 'Scottish Centre'

The SDA commissioned a review of the perception of public and private sector bodies in Scotland towards the desirability of a more co-ordinated and proactive Scottish presence in Brussels, based on comprehensive discussions with the senior executives in thirty different agencies and institutions. This initial feasibility study completed in December 1989 concluded that sufficient strong and widespread support had been expressed to justify the idea of a 'Scottish Centre' to promote Scottish interests in Brussels.


Scotland's internationalisation opportunities

The SDA, responding to the changing external economic environment facing the nation's industries, began a comprehensive examination of the internationalisation opportunities open to Scotland's enterprises and institutions.



In January, Ms Birk left her job with LiS. Gordon Aitken, a Scot, was hired to head the Brussels office with the same business focussed assignment as Ms Birk.


The Scottish Development Agency (SDA) Brussels Office opened

The Scottish Development Agency (SDA) Brussels Office was officially opened in August, by James Gorrie, Head of the Information Unit of SDA. The Brussels operation was primarily an information office, with the objective to attract foreign investment from Western and Northern Europe to Scotland. Ms Birk was appointed as Head of Office, supported by AnneMarie de Pillecyn. The office premises were situated on Chaussée de Charleroi and the office name was changed to Locate in Scotland (LiS), in line with organisational changes in Scotland.